Posted in Design Pattern, Flux, Framework, React, React Native, ReactJS, Redux

MVC vs Flux vs Redux



MVC – Model View Controller: Architectural design pattern for developing UI

Flux: Application Architecture to build client-side web applications.

Redux: open source JavaScript library used to create UI; generally works with Angular and React development.


MVC: the core idea of MVC is Separaion of Concerns (separation of presentation from the model and Controller from the view)

  • Model: Maintain the data and behavior of an application
  • View: The UI logic that represents/ displays the data (model)
  • Controller: The logic that links the model to the View and external inputs (take user input, manipulate the model and causes the view to update)



Actions: Helper methods that relay information to the dispatcher.

Stores: contains App’s logic and state (Models in MVC are single objects but Store in Flux can store anything)

Dispatcher: Coordinate the Actions and updates the Stores

View: same as the view in MVC but in the context of React & Flux (include Controller-Views for change events – retrieve App’s state from Stores)



Actions: Collection of functions to perform request on server (send data between the Store and the App)

Reducers: Update the state of the Store

Store: Holds the app state and supply the helper methods for accessing the state.



  MVC Flux Redux
Introduced 1976 Few years ago 2015
Architecture Architectural Design Pattern for developing UI Application architecture designed to build client-side web apps Open-source JavaScript library used for creating the UI

Generally works with react & Angular

Data flow Direction Follows the bidirectional flow Follows the unidirectional flow Follows the unidirectional flow
Single / Multiple Stores NA Includes multiple Stores Includes single Store
Store modifiable NA mutable Immutable (read-only)
Handle biz. Logic Controller Store Reducer
Handle debugging Difficult due to bidirectional flow Simple debugging with the dispatcher Single Store makes debugging lot easier
Usage In both client & server-side frameworks client-side framework client-side framework
Support –          Front-end frameworks like AngularJS, Ember, Backbne, Sprout & Knockout


–          Back-end frameworks like Spring, Ruby on Rails, Django, Meteor

Front-end framework like React, AngularJS, Vue.js & Polymer Front-end frameworks like React, Vue.js, AngularJS, Ember, Backbone.js, Meteor & Polymer
Scability Complex Easily
key Data binding Events / actions
  Synchronous Asynchronous






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